Iritis is swelling and irritation (inflammation) in the colored ring around your eye’s pupil (iris). Another name for iritis is anterior uveitis.
Iritis is the most common type of uveitis. Uveitis is inflammation of part or all of the uvea
If untreated, iritis could lead to glaucoma or vision loss
Iritis usually comes on quickly and most often affects only one eye. Signs and symptoms may include:
• Pain in your eye or brow area
• Severe eye pain in bright light
• Redness, especially around your iris
• An unusually small or strangely shaped pupil
• Blurry vision or vision loss
CAUSES OF IRITIS
In most cases, doctors don’t know what causes iritis. Sometimes, it’s tied to eye trauma or other health conditions. Causes of iritis may include:
• Injury from burns, punctures, or strikes with a blunt object
Conditions such as Reiter syndrome, sarcoidosis, Behcet’s disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriasis
• Infections from bacteria and viruses, including Lyme disease, tuberculosis, toxoplasmosis, syphilis, herpes simplex, and herpes zoster
• Infections with parasites, such as toxoplasmosis
• Infections from a fungus, such as histoplasmosis
• Reactions to medications
You might be more likely to get iritis if you smoke tobacco or if you have certain genetic disorders.
Contact your eye doctor as soon as possible if you have symptoms of iritis.
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