Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).
At first, diabetic retinopathy might cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. But it can lead to blindness.
SYMPTOMS OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
You might not have symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy. As the condition progresses, you might develop:
• Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters)
• Blurred vision
• Fluctuating vision
• Dark or empty areas in your vision
• Vision loss
CAUSES OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
Over time, too much sugar in your blood can lead to the blockage of the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina, cutting off its blood supply. As a result, the eye attempts to grow new blood vessels. But these new blood vessels don’t develop properly and can leak easily.
TREATMENT OF DIABETIC RETINOPATHY
Careful management of your diabetes is the best way to prevent vision loss, sometimes, good sugar control can even bring some of your vision back.
If you have diabetes, see your eye doctor for a yearly eye exam with dilation — even if your vision seems fine.
Contact your eye doctor right away if your vision changes suddenly or becomes blurry, spotty or hazy.
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