Do you know the eyes can be lazy? Lazy eye (amblyopia) can be explained as when there is reduced vision in one eye which is basically caused by abnormal visual development early in life, usually from birth up until the age of 7 or 8 years old.
Anything that blurs a child’s vision or causes the eyes to cross or turn out can result in lazy eyes. Common causes of the amblyopia include:
• Muscle imbalance (strabismus amblyopia). Imbalance (in the muscles that controls the eyes) can cause the eyes to cross in or turn out, and prevents them from working together.
• Difference in sharpness of vision between the eyes (refractive amblyopia). A significant difference between the prescriptions (power ) in each eye can result in lazy eye.
• A problem with one eye — such as a cloudy area in the lens (cataract) or any other factor that doesn’t allow complete passage of light to the back of the eye(retina)
The following are signs and symptoms that can give you a clue of lazy eye:
• An eye that turns inward or outward (eye turn).
• Eyes that appear to not work together
• Difficulty navigating stair case or any other thing that has to do with depth.
• Squinting or shutting an eye so as to see clearly
• Head tilting
So when the eye experiences any of the symptoms mentioned above, one eye will present a clearer and sharper image than the other, which over time will cause the brain to focus on the good eye and neglect the other. The eye with poorer vision can usually be corrected with glasses or contact lenses, or patching therapy if diagnosed and also treated early . Untreated lazy eye can cause permanent vision loss.
Now, that you have an idea of what lazy eyes is, when should you visit the clinic if you suspect any likely symptoms?
• Visit the clinic if you notice any eye wandering from a new born few weeks after birth.
• A comprehensive eye examination is especially important if there’s a family history of crossed eyes (eye turn).
• For all children, a complete eye exam is recommended between ages 3 and 5.
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