Strabismus, also called squint, wall eye, or crossed eyes, is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object, It is a binocular vision problem where the two eyes fail to work together as a team.
Signs of Strabismus
The primary sign of strabismus is a visible misalignment of the eyes, with one eye turning in (esotropia), out (exotropia), up (hypertropia), or down (hypotropia). The eye may turn significantly which is called a “wide-angle” or “large-angle” strabismus. The eye may only turn a small amount which is called a “small-angle” or “micro” strabismus. Some eye turns can be so small, or only happen in certain circumstances, that they are difficult to detect. It is best to consult an eye care professional (such as an optometrist) if you see or suspect an eye turn, even if you don’t see it all the time.
Symptoms of Strabismus
Those with strabismus who do suffer from symptoms may experience the following:
▪︎Inability to read comfortably
▪︎Fatigue when reading
▪︎Diplopia (double vision)
▪︎Lack of 3D vision (depth perception)
Treatment depends on the type of strabismus and the underlying cause. Treatment options may include vision therapy, eyeglasses, prism glasses, eye patching, and possibly strabismus surgery.
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