THE EFFECTS OF DIABETES ON YOUR EYE.
Diabetes refers to a complex metabolic disorder in which the body either can’t produce insulin, doesn’t produce enough insulin, or simply can’t use insulin efficiently. Insulin is important because it helps break down and deliver sugar (glucose) to cells throughout your body to provide energy for the body and prevent excess glucose in body (hyperglycemia).
Either you have excess blood sugar ( hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar ( hypoglycemia), both conditions are dangerous to the body in that it weakens the blood vessels of the general body and the eye which will results into blurry vision and other eye symptoms.
In the eye, diabetes can cause a condition called diabetic retinopathy.
In early diabetic retinopathy, blood vessels can weaken, bulge, or leak into the retina(back of the eye). This stage is called nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, if the disease gets worse, some blood vessels close off, which causes new blood vessels to grow, or proliferate, on the surface of the retina. This stage is called proliferative diabetic retinopathy. These abnormal new blood vessels can lead to serious vision problems.
Diabetes can lead to swelling in the macula, which is called diabetic macular edema, the macula (The portion of eye at the center of the retina that processes sharp, clear, straight-ahead vision). Over time, this disease can destroy the sharp vision in this part of the eye, leading to partial vision loss or blindness.
Diabetes doubles the chances of having glaucoma, which can lead to vision loss and blindness if not treated early.
People with diabetes are more likely to develop cloudy lenses, called cataracts. People with diabetes can develop cataracts at an earlier age than people without diabetes. Researchers think that high glucose levels cause deposits to build up in the lenses of your eyes.
For clarity, here are a some of the symptoms you may experience if you have diabetes.
* Blurry or wavy vision
* Fluctuating vision
* Dark areas or vision loss
* Poor colour vision
* Spots or dark strings (also called floaters)
* Flashes of light
It is important that you control your blood sugar first to maximise your vision but in all, you need to have a dilated comprehensive eye examination at least once every year if you are diabetic.
This message is from:
Supreme Vision Eye Clinic.
📍 2, Bouar Close, Off Bangui Street, Off Adetokunbo Ademola Crescent Wuse 2, Abuja.
📞 +234 808 586 1111